Voici un texte magnifique qui permet de mieux comprendre la pensée, la philosophie et la culture des indiens d’Amérique.
"We need a great vision and the person who obtains it must follow it as the eagle searches for the deepest blue of the sky" Crazy Horse
- 1 Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée : qui est Russel Means
- 2 Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée : La loi naturelle
- 3 Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie : le patriarcat 2ème Partie
- 4 Science is the religion of patriarchy.
- 5 The reversed reality of Heyoka and the patriarch
- 6 Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée : les mensonges proférés à notre sujet
- 7 Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée, 4ème Partie : la mort
Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée : qui est Russel Means
"If you forgot the names of the clouds then you lost your way" Russell Means
Russell Charles Means (1939-2012) was an activist Oglagla Lakota (Sioux) who fought for the rights of Native Americans, he was a political activist under the banner of libertarian, actor, political activist, painter and musician.
He became a prominent member of the American Indian Movement (AIM) after joining the organization in 1968.
He helped to organize notable events in the fight for native rights, events that attracted national and international media coverage, such as the occupation of the former Alcatraz prison (located in Indian territory) in 1969, the occupation of Mount Rushmore in 1971 and mostly siege by federal agents of the Wounded Knee Reserve in 1973.
He was appointed first National Director of AIM in 1970.
Under his leadership, the movement began more sustained and noticeable activism campaigns.
Means was active internationally in indigenous rights issues, which involved activism with Indian groups in Central America and Latin America.
He attended meetings at the United Nations and the United States Congress for the Recognition of Indigenous Rights.
He was politically active in his Pine Ridge Reserve (South Dakota) and also in Dakota state and nationwide.
He began his acting career in 1992.
He appeared in several films including the most famous: "The last of the Mohicans" with Daniel Day Lewis (role of Chingakook).
He has produced and edited his own music CDs.
He published his autobiography in 1995 "Where White Men Fear to Tread".
Russell Means died of cancer at the age of 72 on the Pine Ridge Reserve or "Prisoner of War Camp # 334" as he liked to describe it.
Camp prisoner in this case totally irrelevant since it is noteworthy that the very early history of the United States, the only war lost by them was the one they led against the Sioux and Cheyenne nations, which saw the defeat of the US military and the signing of the Fort Laramie Treaty in 1868, a treaty in which the United States made territorial and sovereignty concessions to the victorious Indian nations and not the other way around.
This treaty was of course scorned by the Americans (like the 400 or so others signed between 1776 and the end of the 19th century), who continued to steal and plunder the territories of the nations that had defeated them militarily in the central plains and mountains. of Dakota.
It must be understood. In the last year of his life, Russell Means worked (among other things) to leave a "testamentary" writing of his passage on earth.
He probably did not want him to be remembered just as an activist.
He thus undertook, sick and helped by his wife and a co-author Bayard Johnson, the writing of this small, simple and straightforward 100-page book explaining the basics of the philosophy of life and the worldview of Indians of the plains and with some variations, from all the Amerindian nations.
The result was this book with universal scope: "If you've forgotten the names of the clouds, you've lost your way", which we have translated some significant passages and which was published in 2013, shortly after his death . Translation of the title in French: "If you have forgotten the names of the clouds, you have lost your way".
Russell has left us a wonderful testament and he has achieved his new mission, to show everyone, that he is not only an activist, but also a philosopher and a sage whose last vibrant message opens the door. brings fraternity and the return to the natural law of things, made of earth / nourishing woman.
Mitakuye Oyasin (We are all interrelated)
Aho Mitakuye Oyasin est la reconnaissance du caractère sacré de toute vie et de tout ce qui co-existe. C’est une reliance, par l’esprit et la matière, à la source de toute vie, à notre parcelle divine.
This ties in with Buddhist thought:
Buddha Teaching: The Sutta Motto of Kindness
Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée : La loi naturelle
In the matriarchal perspective, the world is a nurturing place.
A place where gifts are given for free.
When the Spanish and Portuguese conquistadores arrived, the Aztecs and the Incas could not understand why these new arrivals were so affected by the madness of gold.
All they had to do was ask for it and the Indians would have given it to them.
Christopher Columbus wrote after his first contacts with the Caribbean Indians, that the natives of the place were so generous and peaceful that it was a fault.
A fault ?
Generosity and pacifism of faults, defects?
What kind of world did you think he came from?
From the world of the inquisition, the dark ages, the black death.
The Indians of the Americas would get acquainted with this world very soon.
If you live in a world where everything you need is available for free, the sluggishness and taste for possession seem to be a form of insanity.
Why would anyone want more than he needs?
Mother Earth provides an almost unlimited abundance.
Just as a mother gives her child everything he / she needs, the Earth does the same for his children, humans as other creatures.
If you follow the natural law, you are not afraid of death, you see the natural cycles of death and rebirth all around you, in your parents and your children, in the numbness of winter and the new leaves of spring, the regeneration of all kinds of new life.
The elders of the indigenous world do not cling to life, they are not afraid, when they become a burden to society, they simply go away.
In each cycle of nature, throughout their lives, they have witnessed death, reincarnation, rebirth, death, and decay become new lives, and they know that they are an integral part of life. of this cycle.
The specific details of how all this is going on are not important.
Indigenous people do not lie, they do not invent history when they do not know the complete answer to a question.
They do not claim or affirm that they know things they have no way of really knowing.
Ils n’écrivent pas les paroles de ceux qui prétendent entendre des voix et proclament ensuite que ceci sont les paroles d’une sorte de “dieu”…
Because life is lived in balance, language develops with positives, not negatives.
There is no word for "lying" in the Lakota language, in our language we are not able to insult someone or something.
In natural law, everything has its place, where is the evil?
There is no harm in nature.
By living by natural law, we perceive things effectively through our senses, we develop a full and essential appreciation of the real world around us, of what we experience everyday, of reality.
Live by following the natural law
As hunter-gatherers, we see the fox and the bear.
When they eat berries, they do not eat all the berries on the same bush.
When bears eat honey, they do not destroy hives, they take a little and continue their way.
There is always enough to allow regeneration.
We know better than emptying a piece of land from all its sources.
This is how you live by following the natural law.
Hunter-gatherers never empty their natural supermarket.
They do not damage their environment in any way.
Famine does not exist among hunter-gatherers because the food sources are extremely varied and can not be exhausted at the same time.
Ils savent où est l’eau (NdT : même dans le désert, les travaux de recherche de l’anthropologue américain Marshall Sahlins ont démontré que les sociétés de chasseurs/cueilleurs étaient en fait des sociétés d‘abondance contrairement au mythe perpétré par les anthropologies structuralistes évolutionnistes et marxistes pour qui la fausse image du chasseur/cueilleur luttant pour sa survie toujours à la limite de la famine, est une image valorisante pour leur idéologie soutenant la société étatique comme étape ultime de l’évolution…).
Mother Earth is their cornucopia, with many different types of animals, vegetables and fruits available for all seasons.
Hunter-gatherers also know how to store food both in a dried form and using root cellars.
They knew the good plants for medicine and where to find them.
With so little time to meet their immediate needs, they had the freedom to care for themselves and their families.
They had time to wash, to brush their teeth, to take care of each other, to live according to natural law, without conflict. There is no conflict in the natural law of things, there is no harm.
When you think about it, when a child is born, where is the harm?
A bear or a cougar killing and eating what they are used to eating is no worse than what a human kills to eat what he is used to eating.
We respect everything in the natural world that we use at some point in our lives.
We thank the tree we cut for picketing our teepees.
When you revere a plant, animals, it's easy to see that there is no harm in nature.
Every good thought is a prayer.
That's what we believe.
That's why we do not have churches.
Life is a church, the universe is our temple.
Being aware of the existence and well-being of the "Little People", the name we give to insects, is a form of prayer.
Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie : le patriarcat 2ème Partie
"Patriarchy is a social system in which man, as father, is the repository of authority within the family or, more broadly, within the clan.
The perpetuation of this authority is based on offspring by males, the transmission of the surname and sex discrimination.
Women are subordinated to the man who has the authority: the father, the husband or the brother otherwise. "~ Source: http://matricien.org/parente/patriarcat/ ~
Born in a life of freedom
Childhood in an indigenous society is the perfect example of living in a balanced and enriching way.
Everywhere in the world where indigenous peoples continue to live the way they have always lived, in balance, there is no overpopulation.
We have living proof of this on every continent, on islands scattered over the oceans.
Indigenous peoples have lived in all kinds of environments generation after generation, without overpopulation.
The hunter-gatherer raised in a society which places balance in first importance, is the epitome of human life.
Modern anthropologists have observed hunter-gatherer natives and have found that about two hours a day are spent fulfilling the material responsibilities of everyone, providing food, clothing and shelter for all.
Compare that with the minimum eight hours a day of "modern" man's work in industrial society, which barely covers the basic necessities of life.
Patriarchy, with its industrialization, is at the bottom of the food chain.
It is a complete disgrace.
Patriarchy has no connection with the natural.
The patriarchs want to conquer the natural law and they readily admit it.
Living in a patriarchal society will inevitably turn one's subjects into a force of evil.
Patriarchal religions push for the elimination of those who do not have the same beliefs.
Governments force you to line up on one side or the other, both trying relentlessly to oppress the point of view of the minority.
The toxic patriarchy
The so-called "development" of the human species and its societies has not changed humanity towards an improvement of relations between peoples, or between humans and their environment, but on the contrary towards the destruction of life, at all levels, from microscopic to macroscopic.
Instead of functioning within a balanced system of healthy life forms and supporting each other, human "advancement" has specialized in the killing of certain "undesirable" life forms, thus paving the way for a rampant and uncontrolled proliferation of opportunistic, scavenging and parasitic forms of life.
The patriarchal systems, everywhere, are based on the concept of continuous growth, specifically the growth of wealth and power of the patriarchs, the few at the top of the pyramid, the oligarchs, at the expense of the mass of people and the forms of life. supporting them.
Endless economic growth requires an endless population growth and at the expense of a healthy Earth with limited resources, at the expense of future generations, at the expense of everything and yet the power of patriarchy only grows when the human population under his domination grows.
And the only way that the human population can grow is through the destruction of other forms of life on Earth.
Dans le même temps, nous avons la preuve vivante dans le monde, de peuples indigènes, vivant dans des sociétés saines et écologiquement stables depuis des temps immémoriaux…
Too happy to change
Any population of plants or animals that becomes excessive in number develops variants, disorders and / or diseases that act to limit or reduce their number.
Homosexuality becomes more prevalent in any situation where the animal population becomes too large and this has been observed in stressed populations in a good variety of mammal species in addition to humans.
Like couples who delay reproduction until their thirties, or limit their families to one or two children, adaptations similar to demographic growth conditions occur in societies around the world.
Non-natural living conditions have their additional consequences.
Europe experienced the plague only after the patriarchal system was imposed and the whole continent became overpopulated with people living in deplorable conditions.
The incidence of psychopathic killers has increased with the growth of cities.
The war has become endemic.
Starvation is a way of life in many parts of the patriarchal world.
Humans are not plants that are planted in rows of onions that flourish in a domesticated and sanitized environment; we are free, wild, living in the natural world, nourishing and nourishing the world around us.
If you want a clear picture of the contrast between an indigenous people living in matriarchy and modern human subjects living in patriarchy, simply compare wild salmon with farm salmon.
Wild salmon live in deep clear water, swim quickly, hunt their food, survive in good health and agile, their flesh is colorful and firm, without disease or parasites.
Farm salmon, on the other hand, is pale, sickly, covered with wounds and wounds, infected with worms and parasites, is the victim of confinement, inactivity and a disastrous diet.
Does this remind you of anyone?
The sad reality of patriarchy
Patriarchy is imperialism, oppression and exploitation of "the other" began as soon as patriarchy pointed its dirty head a little over 6000 years ago.
The patriarchs are the masters to justify all sorts of monstrous misdeeds.
Nous avons grandi sur les bancs d’école en apprenant au sujet des diaboliques puritains et comment ils extorquaient de fausses confessions de “sorcières” suspectées, par l’utilisation de la “chaise à tremper” et autres tortures… et maintenant, d’un seul coup d’un seul, le waterboarding et autre forme de tortures sont devenus de bonnes idées quand on les applique à des “terroristes” suspectés, et ce bien que toute évidence réfute l’efficacité de telles techniques.
If there is one thing that can be said of the patriarch, it is that he is consistent in his irrational inconsistency.
Science is the religion of patriarchy.
This is not to be confused with Indian science, which is based on the collection of truths by observing the natural world in action.
There is nothing natural about the science that supports the monumental misdeeds and injustices of the patriarchal system.
Like any religion, the patriarchal version of "science" is filled with rituals, dogmas, sacrosanct texts, articles of faith.
These are the tools that are used to strengthen patriarchy.
Scientists dissect live dogs and monkeys for research.
How can this be acceptable to anyone with the slightest bit of "humanity"?
Science is used as a weapon by patriarchy, in its hands science becomes a killing machine.
The Nazis were very proud to proclaim themselves as extremely scientific and at what cost for their humanity?
Scientific research is ubiquitous and for what purpose?
Human life expectancy is increasing, but not in indigenous societies, cultures that are famous for their longevity in the world today, are not scientific societies, but in places where the people live so much. very natural.
In scientific societies, the elderly are put in inhumane sheds, Alzheimer's disease and dementia are constantly increasing.
Parkinson's disease did not exist until the advent of the 19th century industrial revolution.
Today, those who challenge scientific research are called terrorists and reunited with those who want to destroy the fabric of society, yet it is the scientists themselves who are the only group that really threatens to totally destroy the balance of power. life of the earth.
Indigenous peoples have lived countless centuries without imbalance or destruction, and in just 6000 years of patriarchy, the planet has been brought to the brink of total destruction.
In patriarchy, mass murder and the destruction of all forms of life are justified by the benefits derived by the privileged few from the top of the pyramid.
In this sense, Wall Street is nothing different from all the tyrannies and kingdoms of history.
The reversed reality of Heyoka and the patriarch
The whole system and the worldview of the patriarch is Heyoka.
Translator's note: Among the Lakota and Great Plains Indians, Heyoka is the one who lives upside down to point the way.
He walks backwards, goes to bed at sunrise and gets up at sunset and does everything upside down.
Russell Means tells us in the book that in the 1960s there was only one Heyoka on the Pine Ridge reserve.
The patriarchal society is based on a pyramidal structure.
The patriarch is uncomfortable wherever he goes. He is constantly afraid because he lives his life at the top of the pyramid and others are still trying to dislodge him from his perch to take his place.
Within his family, his wife and children must be enslaved to support his dominant position and dominance.
His children are raised in his own image, to be fearful of the patriarchs staggering at the top of their own unstable pyramid.
If he wants to maintain his position within his family, the patriarch must be subjugated to the next level of authority and so on until royalty.
The feudal structure where no one is free and where the man from above is afraid of everything, is the natural product of the patriarchal society. What exists in any state society that is not necessarily monarchical?
Every one in the patriarchal society is a slave, because every person under the chief governor is a slave to the power of all the patriarchs above it; even the man at the very top of the pyramid is a slave, a slave of his own terror, that generated by being fired from power.
In our matriarchal (or matrilineal) system, everyone is free and no one is afraid of anything.
We know where we are and where we belong.
This can never be removed.
That's why patriarchal society has struggled so long and so vigorously to destroy us and our cultures all over the world.
We are a terrible threat to his illusion of power because we are immune to it.
The patriarch can commit complete genocide and eradicate entire indigenous cultures over and over, but he has never managed to enslave us.
Our freedom from fear makes the patriarch even more fearful than ever.
Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée : les mensonges proférés à notre sujet
Russell Means takes the opposite view of many conventional wisdom affirmed against all odds by "orthodox" anthropology and ethnology, which, like all science, are under the control of payers, of those who provide money. and logistics for "science" to corroborate what MUST be, often much more than IS.
Sa narration de sa mise au défi des archéologues dans leur convention vaut à elle seule son pesant d’or, une intervention à la Russell Means pur sucre… Jubilatoire! — Résistance 71 —
Whenever a discussion begins about the advantages of matriarchal society in opposition to patriarchal society, or about the lifestyle of indigenous peoples in comparison with the modern post-industrial lifestyle, a number of old myths are considered by the lawyers of the "modernity" to discredit the savage or the "natural man" primitive.
It is important to consider these myths one by one and to see which ones, if any, have the merit of either logic or evidence on their side.
Always remember: The conquerors and the conquerors of wars have written the history books.
The myth of dirt:
Since indigenous peoples live in societies where everything is organic and return to the elements from which they come, there is in fact no accumulation of waste.
Add to that that there has never been an overpopulation, and we can see that what is called "garbage, garbage" or "garbage" in modern times is just considered a fertilizer in indigenous society.
Without any accumulation of garbage areas, there was in fact no fertile ground for the outbreak of disease.
With regard to personal hygiene, which is most likely to be cleaner: a "savage" who purifies himself in the inipi every few days, or the "civilized" man who is washing a once a year or less?
The myth of diseases:
The diseases were virtually unknown before the arrival of the white man, as demonstrated by the complete lack of immune resistance of natives to imported European pathogens that decimated the populations of the Americas.
Archaeologists were amazed not to find rotten teeth in the bodies found in the pre-Columbian tombs they were flying.
The myth of mortality at a young age:
The elders of the Plains Indians tell us that before the arrival of the whites, it was not unusual for people to live to 150 years.
Since their arrival, the longevity of the Indians has only dropped, it is now 43 years old on average today in the Sioux Pine Ridge Reserve in South Dakota.
The myth of famine:
The Indian peoples lived in balance with their environment.
In times of scarcity, they put fewer children in the world.
The food sources were very numerous and very diverse, people were not dependent on a monoculture that brings a disaster in case of failure of a crop or livestock.
The myth of savagery:
Who can be wilder than the inventors of the Inquisition?
Les Européens sont célèbres pour la myriade de formes de torture qu’ils perfectionnèrent les uns sur les autres, les victimes étaient écartelées, démembrées, éviscérées, brûlées vives, torturées sur la roue et la liste est infinie…
The scalping was invented by the whites, more specifically by the Dutch, it was used to collect rewards for killing Indian men, women and children, whose price was different.
Paying for a scalp was easier than paying in the head.
Originally, white bounty hunters were required to bring the victims' heads back to pay, but the growing number of Indians killed made the practice more difficult.
A bunch of heads was harder to transport, so scalping was more efficient.
The myth of ignorance:
Who can be more ignorant than an entire society that, while strutting at a high level of sophistication, poisons its environment and creates weapons capable of destroying all life on earth?
No indigenous society on this planet is ignorant enough to do just one of these two things.
Literacy is often held as a standard of intellectual sophistication or progressivism.
Keep in mind that people who develop literature, those who acquire written language, become mentally lazy, they no longer need to remember.
Instead of the 3Rs of American education, the Lakota focus on an education that emphasizes the 3 "L" Look, Listen, Learn.
This type of education is perfectly adapted to the native lifestyle for which the important knowledge is derived from the Natural Law.
In a demonstrable way, indigenous peoples around the world get the necessary knowledge for societies flourishing over the very long term, with no negative impact on the environment.
In this situation, there is clearly no need for written language.
Which system is the "best"?
You need to ask yourself which system works best?
If the Indians of the Americas were so "ignorant", why did the white invaders repeatedly need help from the Indians just to survive?
Who is the real ignorant here?
The myth of human sacrifice:
In order to justify the killing, enslavement and torture of the Indians, to steal their gold and their lands, it was very useful to label them as pagans, infidels and practitioners of human sacrifice. .
The Spanish priests and conquistadores under the command of Cortez spent two full years tracking down all the Aztec books they could find through the Aztec empire and burned them all.
Books on a very advanced astronomy, maths books, medicine and who knows what else, all lost, forever.
It then becomes very practical that there is no longer any written evidence to contradict the Spaniards' claims about the human sacrifices and other atrocities allegedly committed by the Aztecs.
The Spaniards were able to fabricate all the lies they wanted, without any evidence to contradict them, these lies then became part of public perception of the Aztecs as cruel and bloodthirsty people.
But the modern report on the Aztecs, and this is corroborated by recent archaeological finds, is historically proven false.
Once all the Aztec books were burned, there was no longer any written documentation of the ancient practice of open-heart surgery that the Aztecs mastered.
This was very easy for the ignorant Spaniards to condemn as "savages" to practice "human sacrifices".
Tomb robbery archaeologists found gold or ivory plaques that were used to replace and repair entire skull sections that had been damaged in accidents or removed to perform very complex brain surgery.
As current descendants of the Aztecs in Mexico confirm, their ancestors were very effective in using herbs and roots that could slow the heart rate for surgical purposes; only recently have some cultural anthropologists begun to recognize this fact, which is known to Aztec practitioners since pre-Columbian times.
This evidence supports the argument that ritual ceremonies reported by Spaniards as human sacrifices were in fact sophisticated medical procedures.
Like the Nazis, the patriarchs of the world and throughout history have been well informed of timely tactics to demonize their enemy, the "other", by accusing him of their own crimes and atrocities.
In fact, it is the patriarchy that continues to practice human sacrifice today, specifically in places like Texas and Florida. ex-USA).
Accompanied by religious dogmas, a ritual and a certain solemnity, the convicts (too often innocent) men and women, are put to death in a "scientific" way.
As in all human sacrifice, the god of vengeance is supposedly appeased and some benefits are supposed to be drawn from it, such as the refusal to commit future crimes, while every legitimate scientific study ever conducted has shown that the "deterrent factor" is a lure and a lie.
During the war too, young men and women are sent to fight with certain knowledge that many will die and that their sacrifice will result in a so-called profit.
Note that it is never the patriarchs who walk to the risk of dying, but only those who are too young, too innocent, and too naive to know more.
And this is where the so-called benefit lies?
This is the human sacrifice in its most psychopathic form.
The myth of the war:
According to many white "experts", the Indian nations of North America were engaged in an almost permanent war.
These were supposedly "war societies" to a degree where the male member of Indian society is still identified as a "warrior".
There is a Lakota saying that says:
"Old men and mothers know the folly of engaging in battle".
When disagreements could not be resolved between Indian nations, the dispute was then settled much less dangerous than a modern professional football game.
When treaty time came, the US government said there should be imaginary lines around your territory.
So we drew lines on a map that included the area encompassing our movements.
Other peoples and smaller groups like the Mandan, the Arikara and the Hidatsa, lived in this wider area that we frequented and which in accordance with the treaties were our territory.
Then the white man glanced at it and could not understand the situation.
How can the territory of one nation be in the territory of another?
When you understand that every pin of pine, every stone, every grain of sand is sacred, would you exclude human beings from this sacredness?
So it was easy for us to share this part of the land with each other and trade with each other.
Among Native Americans, every territory of a nation was surrounded by shared territories where you could meet other people.
If young people in the shared lands behaved brutally or stupidly, as young people sometimes do during contests or demonstrations of bravery and athleticism, and if someone was injured or killed, this did not cause a war.
As this is very common with the indigenous peoples of the world, we have mechanisms to resolve conflicts between people.
Our disagreements between Indian nations were, words of Vine Deloria Jr:
"Largely resolved without shedding blood."
For example the six nations (Iroquois) settled the different during a Lacrosse match.
The southern Indian nations had a two-stick game similar to Lacrosse.
The Indians of the Atlantic region had a game that looked like football.
Of course these parts could be violent, but the different ones were settled there without shedding blood.
The Maori of New Zealand, who tattoo their faces with very complicated drawings, settle their arguments in a competition of the one who makes the most horrible grimace, facial expressions which are reinforced by the tattoos.
The winner is the one who makes the most horrible expression. Incidentally, the highest insult to Maori is a lack of facial expression.
Indigenous peoples are often amused to hear what archaeologists write about them.
Most often, what is written is simply outrageous.
I participated in a convention of the American Association of Archeologists (AAA), a convention of tomb robbers in a way, to challenge their claim that the Amerindians were "peoples of war".
I asked this to the archaeologists meeting:
"In all the pre-Columbian graves that you have looted, have you ever found a mere weapon of war?
If you can produce a single weapon of war that you collected in one of these graves, I will kill myself here, on this platform, in front of you! "
Do not you think that some of these archeolos would have loved to see me exterminating myself right there on the platform? or at least try to convince me to do it by arguing?
Quoi qu’il en soit, étant des pilleurs de tombes très experts en la matière, ils savaient la différence entre l’alignement des plumes de l’empennage et la pointe d’une flèche sur des flèches de chasse faites pour percer des côtes verticales et des flèches de guerre faites pour percer des côtes horizontales humaines (flèches qui sont couramment trouvées du reste dans les tombes européennes qu’ils pillent…).
What was the answer to my challenge from this gathering of grave robbers?
A deafening silence !
Indiens d’Amérique : culture, philosophie, pensée, 4ème Partie : la mort
There is no fear of death in the indigenous world Russell Means
It quickly becomes clear that a native person is not afraid of death.
We know our place in the universe.
Every spring we see reincarnation in action.
The leaves are reborn, the flowers bloom again.
Indigenous societies are the essence of freedom.
We live free from fear, anxiety, paranoia.
Grandma Earth takes care of us and provides us with what we need.
When you are free and have time for everything, you are never in a hurry.
This is true freedom.
The way we consider time is in fact that time does not exist, so time can not control or limit you, nor work against you; time is a human construction, it is not part of the natural world.
If there is one thing, it is that time is on your side, it is not an external reality to which you must conform.
There is no time dictates.
You can choose to recognize it, or not.
Archaeologists have plundered enough of our ancestors' tombs to be sure that there were no diseases in our peoples, we did not even have dental caries.
Our ancestors developed and produce about 75% of the foods the world uses today.
We were so advanced in terms of medicinal plants and their use that pharmaceutical companies always send their little ones to the jungles of Ecuador and Brazil in search of ever more medicinal herbs and medicines derived from plants, used in the medical practices of the indigenous peoples, as well as the profit-making multinationals, can then exploit the vein for billions of dollars.
We, the indigenous peoples, have taken the time to notice and observe the world around us and to learn from it, which is why we have developed all these practices and all this empirical knowledge, which remain so elusive for the patriarchs.
One of the most important gifts that has been made to us is the ability to be happy, satisfied.
There are no neuroleptics among us (living in contact with nature).
The balance and the sacredness of all things
It is funny to note that the human being is physically constituted of 2/3 of water like our grandmother the ground.
The Earth and the human body are hosts of vast colonies of diverse life.
The Earth, through its natural functions, purifies itself constantly.
When humans remain in contact with the natural processes of purification of the Earth, humans do the same thing, they strive to purify themselves continually through natural processes, maintaining a balance.
All life must remain in balance.
Indigenous peoples around the world who have always lived with the cycles of the Earth and the universe are now in imbalance because these cycles have been disturbed.
Balance, what does that mean?
To live in balance means to understand the natural law.
On apprend la loi naturelle en observant toutes les différentes formes de vie autour de nous, les plantes, les animaux à quatre pattes, les peuples des insectes, ceux des animaux ailés…
Humans are subject to the same laws or principles as anything in the universe.
Once a form of life begins to overcrowd, the Great Mystery or whatever force is governing all things, will begin to create natural mechanisms that will limit the growth of the population and bring things back into balance.
For example, in mammals, when an overpopulation threatens the equilibrium of a family of rodents, we have seen them throw themselves into the sea and commit suicide en masse.
This happens among humans too, although it takes different forms, such as drug abuse, alcohol abuse, violent crime, wars.
This is the natural law in action.
Health and balance are intrinsically linked.
If a society creates an accumulation of waste, then a fertile ground for the development of diseases exists, on the other hand if people live in balance in accordance with the natural law, there is and can not exist any accumulation of waste.
The discharges of Native American life have always been completely natural materials, not toxic to humans or any other resident of the planet.
Even the waste of the human body, when it is not accumulated in too large quantities due to too much population, is not toxic.
It's even the opposite, broken down in the elements, this provides a natural food for developing new lives.
All that is used by Native Americans living according to the natural law will return to continue building new blocks of life.
Recently, you have probably heard about the patriarchs talking about "carbon credits", the basis of "value" in the current scientific system is the right of every individual to contribute to the sharing of pollution, which means, to do their share of the land and its natural systems that we all depend on to survive.
They even talk about how the individual can in the near future sell his carbon credits to some polluting industry.
A carbon credit exchange will be created where carbon credits will be bought, sold and allocated.
Simply by being born, the patriarch gives himself the right to participate equally and equitably in the destruction of the Earth.
This is a sad self-portrait.
The base of the currency, valuable things are used to be precious metals, now the value is based on the dirt and the universal genocide, including the "maso-genocide", ie the genocide of oneself .
If a people lives and obeys the Natural Law, there is no need for human laws in any situation.
The first human law marks the death of the natural law.
Once a law of man is created, man has become god, the lawmaker and the whole purpose of human existence is a failure.
The natural law is the law of life, the law of men is the law of death.
This also applies to the family unit.
Once human law is imposed on the family unit, normal patterns of attention and development are interrupted.
Every family in its nucleus becomes its own autocratic domain, where the freedom of youth exists only when young people leave the family unit and begin their own autocratic family unit.
Under natural law, the extensively entangled family structure becomes even stronger and more interconnected as new generations arrive within it.
We do not build churches to pray there once a week.
We pray outside, in the natural world and our whole life is a prayer, because there is a sacredness in all things in the natural world here, on our Grandmother Earth. Iktomi the rigger In our mythology that we teach our children, we have the legend of two-faces.
Nobody, not even the white man, can live the existence of two-sided.
Nevertheless, Iktomi can have two faces, in fact, he always has two faces.
The white man is always confused about Iktomi, who is often represented by the spider.
Native Americans do not believe in the devil.
We do not believe in evil, the evil one.
We had no experience until we met a patriarch.
A fundamental thing at the base of any indigenous culture is that there is nothing perfect.
You build this idea in society and you have Iktomi, the rigger. Iktomi is a teacher.
He will teach you about the pitfalls of life, the fables of life, the temptations and egos that emerge.
In the first five years of life, you are given a serious introduction to Iktomi.
The stories you listen to in your early youth teach you the imperfections of life through the tales and adventures of Iktomi the trickster.
There is nothing wrong or evil about it.
Oh yes, Iktomi is male.
Pensez à tous les phénomènes qui se produisent naturellement dans le monde, un bébé, un ours, une abeille, une araignée, le vent, une tempête de neige…
Where is the harm? In thinking logically, how can we attach this label of "evil" to anything we might encounter in the natural world?
There is nothing wrong or "evil" in the natural world, everything is the way it should be, nothing wrong.
De fait, nous remercions grandement la tempête de neige qui recouvre notre grand-mère la Terre d’un blanc manteau de neige lorsqu’il fait très froid. Iktomi donc, en tant que partie intégrante du monde naturel n’est en rien malveillant, en fait il peut même être très marrant ; mais vous devez toujours faire attention… c’est la leçon d’Iktomi.
Traduit de l’anglais par Resistance 71
See also page wikipedia of Russel Means Black and white photos: Edward S Curtis.